Mice that were chronically treated with CCl4 received SHED-Heps, and trabecular bone density, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and osteoclast activity were subsequently analyzed in vivo and in vitro. The effects of stanniocalcin 1 (STC1) knockdown in SHED-Heps were also evaluated in chronically CCl4 treated mice.
SHED-Hep transplantation (SHED-HepTx) improved trabecular bone loss and liver fibrosis in chronic CCl4-treated mice. SHED-HepTx reduced hepatic ROS production and interleukin 17 (Il-17) expression under chronic CCl4 damage. SHED-HepTx reduced the expression of both Il-17 and tumor necrosis factor receptorsuperfamily 11A (Tnfrsf11a) and ameliorated the imbalance of osteoclast and osteoblast activities in the bone marrow of CCl4-treated mice. Functional knockdown of STC1 in SHED-Heps attenuated the benefit of SHED-HepTx including anti-bone loss effect by suppressing osteoclast differentiation through TNFSF11–TNFRSF11A signaling and enhancing osteoblast differentiation in the bone marrow, as well as anti-fibrotic and anti-ROS effects in the CCl4-injured livers.
These findings suggest that targeting hepatic ROS provides a novel approach to treat bone loss resulting from chronic liver diseases.