Pancreatic cancer risk is elevated approximately two-fold in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is an abundant beta-cell peptide hormone that declines with diabetes progression. IAPP has been reported to act as a tumour-suppressor in p53-deficient cancers capable of regressing tumour volumes. Given the decline of IAPP during diabetes development, we investigated the actions of IAPP in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC; the most common form of pancreatic cancer) to determine if IAPP loss in diabetes may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer.
PANC-1, MIA PaCa-2, and H1299 cells were treated with rodent IAPP, and the IAPP analogs pramlintide and davalintide, and assayed for changes in proliferation, death, and glycolysis. An IAPP-deficient mouse model of PDAC (Iapp−/−; Kras+/LSL-G12D; Trp53flox/flox; Ptf1a+/CreER) was generated for survival analysis.
IAPP did not impact glycolysis in MIA PaCa-2 cells, and did not impact cell death, proliferation, or glycolysis in PANC-1 cells or in H1299 cells, which were previously reported as IAPP-sensitive. Iapp deletion in Kras+/LSL-G12D; Trp53flox/flox; Ptf1a+/CreERmice had no effect on survival time to lethal tumour burden.
In contrast to previous reports, we find that IAPP does not function as a tumour suppressor. This suggests that loss of IAPP signalling likely does not increase the risk of pancreatic cancer in individuals with diabetes.