Cover Story Current Issue

The high prevalence of obesity is associated with increased mortality because of various comorbidities evoked by an increase in adiposity. Type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease are major medical conditions commonly linked to alterations in the homeostatic pathways that regulate energy homeostasis. As a master regulator of energy balance, the brain integrates peripheral signals and, in turn, modulates feeding behavior and the activity of the autonomic nervous system. The hypothalamus acts as the main hub that receives and integrates peripheral signals.

Mohamed Rouabhi, Deng-Fu Guo, Donald A. Morgan, Zhiyong Zhu, ... Kamal Rahmouni

Full text

 

Current Issue

Suppression of insulin-induced gene 1 (INSIG1) function promotes hepatic lipid remodelling and restrains NASH progression

Vian Azzu, Michele Vacca, Ioannis Kamzolas, Zoe Hall, ... Antonio Vidal-Puig

Objective

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a silent pandemic associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome, and also increases cardiovascular- and cirrhosis-related morbidity and mortality. A complete understanding of adaptive compensatory metabolic programmes that modulate non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) progression is lacking.

Methods and results

Transcriptomic analysis of liver biopsies in patients with NASH revealed that NASH progression is associated with rewiring of metabolic pathways, including upregulation of de novo lipid/cholesterol synthesis and fatty acid remodelling. The modulation of these metabolic programmes was achieved by activating sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) transcriptional networks; however, it is still debated whether, in the context of NASH, activation of SREBPs acts as a pathogenic driver of lipotoxicity, or rather promotes the biosynthesis of protective lipids that buffer excessive lipid accumulation, preventing inflammation and fibrosis. To elucidate the pathophysiological role of SCAP/SREBP in NASH and wound-healing response, we used an Insig1 deficient (with hyper-efficient SREBPs) murine model challenged with a NASH-inducing diet. Despite enhanced lipid and cholesterol biosynthesis, Insig1 KO mice had similar systemic metabolism and insulin sensitivity to Het/WT littermates. Moreover, activating SREBPs resulted in remodelling the lipidome, decreased hepatocellular damage, and improved wound-healing responses.

Conclusions

Our study provides actionable knowledge about the pathways and mechanisms involved in NAFLD pathogenesis, which may prove useful for developing new therapeutic strategies. Our results also suggest that the SCAP/SREBP/INSIG1 trio governs transcriptional programmes aimed at protecting the liver from lipotoxic insults in NASH.

Suppression of insulin-induced gene 1 (INSIG1) function promotes hepatic lipid remodelling and restrains NASH progression

Vian Azzu, Michele Vacca, Ioannis Kamzolas, Zoe Hall, ... Antonio Vidal-Puig

Objective

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a silent pandemic associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome, and also increases cardiovascular- and cirrhosis-related morbidity and mortality. A complete understanding of adaptive compensatory metabolic programmes that modulate non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) progression is lacking.

Methods and results

Transcriptomic analysis of liver biopsies in patients with NASH revealed that NASH progression is associated with rewiring of metabolic pathways, including upregulation of de novo lipid/cholesterol synthesis and fatty acid remodelling. The modulation of these metabolic programmes was achieved by activating sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP) transcriptional networks; however, it is still debated whether, in the context of NASH, activation of SREBPs acts as a pathogenic driver of lipotoxicity, or rather promotes the biosynthesis of protective lipids that buffer excessive lipid accumulation, preventing inflammation and fibrosis. To elucidate the pathophysiological role of SCAP/SREBP in NASH and wound-healing response, we used an Insig1 deficient (with hyper-efficient SREBPs) murine model challenged with a NASH-inducing diet. Despite enhanced lipid and cholesterol biosynthesis, Insig1 KO mice had similar systemic metabolism and insulin sensitivity to Het/WT littermates. Moreover, activating SREBPs resulted in remodelling the lipidome, decreased hepatocellular damage, and improved wound-healing responses.

Conclusions

Our study provides actionable knowledge about the pathways and mechanisms involved in NAFLD pathogenesis, which may prove useful for developing new therapeutic strategies. Our results also suggest that the SCAP/SREBP/INSIG1 trio governs transcriptional programmes aimed at protecting the liver from lipotoxic insults in NASH.

The 60 Second Metabolist

In this section authors briefly report on their work recently published in Molecular Metabolism.

Watch the most recent interviews by clicking the video still. 

Here is a video of Vimeo. When the iframes is activated, a connection to Vimeo is established and, if necessary, cookies from Vimeo are also used. For further information on cookies policy click here.

Here is a video of Vimeo. When the iframes is activated, a connection to Vimeo is established and, if necessary, cookies from Vimeo are also used. For further information on cookies policy click here.