Cover Story Current Issue

White adipose tissue (WAT) is a complex organ that plays a central role in systemic energy balance through its interrelated metabolic, endocrine, and immune functions. Adipocytes, the parenchymal cells of adipose tissue, have diverse functions that include storage and mobilization of lipids. They also release endocrine signals that report energy status to the brain, regulating metabolic functions in peripheral organs. Importantly, the metabolic character of white adipocytes is flexible, with cells capable of assuming distinct anabolic and catabolic/thermogenic phenotypes, often within the same adipose tissue depot

Elizabeth A. Rondini, Vanesa D. Ramseyer, Rayanne B. Burl, Roger Pique-Regi, James G. Granneman

Full text

 

Current Issue

Missense variant in insulin receptor (Y1355H) segregates in family with fatty liver disease

Fei Luo, Chao Xing, Sumeet K. Asrani, Shili Li, ... Jonathan C. Cohen

A missense variant in the cytoplasmic domain of the insulin receptor (INSR) was identified by exome sequencing in affected members of a four-generation family with fatty liver disease (FLD). The variant (rs766457461, c.4063T>C, p.Y1355H) results in the substitution of histidine for a tyrosine that undergoes autophosphorylation in response to insulin stimulation in vitro. Because insulin promotes lipogenesis in hepatocytes, we hypothesized that the variant was causally linked to FLD in the family. To test this hypothesis, we used CRISPR/Cas9 technology to replace the corresponding tyrosine in mouse INSR with histidine (Y1345H). No significant differences were found in hepatic insulin signaling, as assessed by phosphorylation of INSR or AKT levels or in activation of the insulin-responsive transcription factor SREBP-1c. Glucose tolerance and hepatic triglyceride (TG) content in Insr1345H/H mice fed a chow diet or diets rich in fat, sucrose or fructose did not differ significantly from WT littermates. Thus, our studies in mice failed to support the notion that INSR (Y1355H) is causally related to FLD in the family or that phosphorylation of this residue alters hepatic TG metabolism.

Missense variant in insulin receptor (Y1355H) segregates in family with fatty liver disease

Fei Luo, Chao Xing, Sumeet K. Asrani, Shili Li, ... Jonathan C. Cohen

A missense variant in the cytoplasmic domain of the insulin receptor (INSR) was identified by exome sequencing in affected members of a four-generation family with fatty liver disease (FLD). The variant (rs766457461, c.4063T>C, p.Y1355H) results in the substitution of histidine for a tyrosine that undergoes autophosphorylation in response to insulin stimulation in vitro. Because insulin promotes lipogenesis in hepatocytes, we hypothesized that the variant was causally linked to FLD in the family. To test this hypothesis, we used CRISPR/Cas9 technology to replace the corresponding tyrosine in mouse INSR with histidine (Y1345H). No significant differences were found in hepatic insulin signaling, as assessed by phosphorylation of INSR or AKT levels or in activation of the insulin-responsive transcription factor SREBP-1c. Glucose tolerance and hepatic triglyceride (TG) content in Insr1345H/H mice fed a chow diet or diets rich in fat, sucrose or fructose did not differ significantly from WT littermates. Thus, our studies in mice failed to support the notion that INSR (Y1355H) is causally related to FLD in the family or that phosphorylation of this residue alters hepatic TG metabolism.

2020 impact factor: 7.4

The 60 Second Metabolist

In this section authors briefly report on their work recently published in Molecular Metabolism.

Watch the most recent interviews by clicking the video still. 

Here is a video of Vimeo. When the iframes is activated, a connection to Vimeo is established and, if necessary, cookies from Vimeo are also used. For further information on cookies policy click here.

Here is a video of Vimeo. When the iframes is activated, a connection to Vimeo is established and, if necessary, cookies from Vimeo are also used. For further information on cookies policy click here.