Cover Story Current Issue

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are known as incretins, which are released from the gut into the bloodstream postprandially and enhance glucose-dependent insulin secretion via activation of the GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) and the GIP receptor (GIPR), respectively. Several GLP-1R agonists (GLP-1RA) with improved pharmacokinetic properties have been developed and are currently in clinical use to treat type 2 diabetes and obesity. In addition to improving glucose metabolism, GLP-1RAs potently suppress appetite and body weight. These anorectic and body weight-lowering effects are thought to be mediated by central mechanisms, as indicated also by human studies. However, the neuronal substrates that mediate these effects are still poorly understood.

Alessia Costa, Minrong Ai, Nicolas Nunn, Isabella Culotta, ... Giuseppe D'Agostino

Full text

 

Current Issue

FGF2 disruption enhances thermogenesis in brown and beige fat to protect against adiposity and hepatic steatosis

Haifang Li, Xinzhi Zhang, Cheng Huang, Huan Liu, ... Hai Lin

Objective

Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) has been reported to play divergent roles in white adipogenic differentiation, however, whether it regulates thermogenesis of fat tissues remains largely unknown. We therefore aimed to investigate the effect of FGF2 on fat thermogenesis and elucidate the underlying mechanisms.

Methods

FGF2-KO and wild-type (WT) mice were fed with chow diet and high-fat diet (HFD) for 14 weeks. The brown and white fat mass, thermogenic capability, respiratory exchange ratio, and hepatic fat deposition were determined. In vitroexperiments were conducted to compare the thermogenic ability of FGF2-KO- with WT-derived brown and white adipocytes. Exogenous FGF2 was supplemented to in vitro-cultured WT brown and ISO-induced beige adipocytes. The FGFR inhibitor, PPARγ agonist, and PGC-1α expression lentivirus were used with the aid of technologies including Co-IP, ChIP, and luciferase reporter assay to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the FGF2 regulation of thermogenesis.

Results

FGF2 gene disruption results in increased thermogenic capability in both brown and beige fat, supporting by increased UCP1 expression, enhanced respiratory exchange ratio, and elevated thermogenic potential in response to cold exposure. Thus, the deletion of FGF2 protects mice from high fat-induced adiposity and hepatic steatosis. Mechanistically, in vitroinvestigations indicated FGF2 acts in autocrine/paracrine fashions. Exogenous FGF2 supplementation inhibits both PGC-1α and PPARγ expression, leading to suppression of UCP1 expression in brown and beige adipocytes.

Conclusions

These findings demonstrate that FGF2 is a novel thermogenic regulator, suggesting a viable potential strategy for using FGF2-selective inhibitors in combat adiposity and associated hepatic steatosis.

FGF2 disruption enhances thermogenesis in brown and beige fat to protect against adiposity and hepatic steatosis

Haifang Li, Xinzhi Zhang, Cheng Huang, Huan Liu, ... Hai Lin

Objective

Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) has been reported to play divergent roles in white adipogenic differentiation, however, whether it regulates thermogenesis of fat tissues remains largely unknown. We therefore aimed to investigate the effect of FGF2 on fat thermogenesis and elucidate the underlying mechanisms.

Methods

FGF2-KO and wild-type (WT) mice were fed with chow diet and high-fat diet (HFD) for 14 weeks. The brown and white fat mass, thermogenic capability, respiratory exchange ratio, and hepatic fat deposition were determined. In vitroexperiments were conducted to compare the thermogenic ability of FGF2-KO- with WT-derived brown and white adipocytes. Exogenous FGF2 was supplemented to in vitro-cultured WT brown and ISO-induced beige adipocytes. The FGFR inhibitor, PPARγ agonist, and PGC-1α expression lentivirus were used with the aid of technologies including Co-IP, ChIP, and luciferase reporter assay to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the FGF2 regulation of thermogenesis.

Results

FGF2 gene disruption results in increased thermogenic capability in both brown and beige fat, supporting by increased UCP1 expression, enhanced respiratory exchange ratio, and elevated thermogenic potential in response to cold exposure. Thus, the deletion of FGF2 protects mice from high fat-induced adiposity and hepatic steatosis. Mechanistically, in vitroinvestigations indicated FGF2 acts in autocrine/paracrine fashions. Exogenous FGF2 supplementation inhibits both PGC-1α and PPARγ expression, leading to suppression of UCP1 expression in brown and beige adipocytes.

Conclusions

These findings demonstrate that FGF2 is a novel thermogenic regulator, suggesting a viable potential strategy for using FGF2-selective inhibitors in combat adiposity and associated hepatic steatosis.

2020 impact factor: 7.4

The 60 Second Metabolist

In this section authors briefly report on their work recently published in Molecular Metabolism.

Watch the most recent interviews by clicking the video still. 

Here is a video of Vimeo. When the iframes is activated, a connection to Vimeo is established and, if necessary, cookies from Vimeo are also used. For further information on cookies policy click here.

Here is a video of Vimeo. When the iframes is activated, a connection to Vimeo is established and, if necessary, cookies from Vimeo are also used. For further information on cookies policy click here.