Cover Story Current Issue

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a set of pathologies associated with ectopic lipid accumulationin hepatocytes. NAFLD can progress to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), an inflammatory condition which is increasing in prevalence in parallel with other diseases connected to lipid metabolism, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. NASH is characterized by hepatic necrosis, increased inflammatory signaling, immune cell infiltration, and the potential to progress to fibrosis, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and ultimately liver failure.

David Montefusco, Maryam Jamil, Melissa A. Maczis, William Schroeder, ... L. Ashley Cowart

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Current Issue

Requirement of Cavin-2 for the expression and stability of IRβ in adequate adipocyte differentiation

Yusuke Higuchi, Takehiro Ogata, Naohiko Nakanishi, Masahiro Nishi, ... Satoaki Matoba

Objective

Adipogenesis plays an essential role in maintaining energy and hormonal balance. Cavin-2, one of the caveolae-related proteins, is abundant in adipocytes, the leading site of adipogenesis. However, the details of the roles of Cavin-2 in adipogenesis remain unknown. Here, we demonstrate the requirement of Cavin-2 for the expression and stability of IRβ in adequate adipocyte differentiation.

Methods

Cavin-2 knockout (Cavin-2 KO) and wild-type (WT) mice were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks. We evaluated body weight, food intake, and several tissues. Glucose homeostasis was assessed by glucose and insulin tolerance tests. Insulin signaling in epididymal white adipose tissue (eWAT) was determined by Akt phosphorylation. In vitro study, we evaluated adipocyte differentiation, adipogenesis-related genes, and insulin signaling to clarify the relationship between Cavin-2 and adipogenesis under the manipulation of Cavin-2 expression.

Results

Caveolae structure decreased in eWAT of Cavin-2 KO mice and Cavin-2 knockdown 3T3-L1 cells. Cavin-2 enhanced the stability of insulin receptor (IR) through direct association at the plasma membrane in adipocytes, resulting in accelerated insulin/IR/Akt signaling-induced adipogenic gene expression in insulin-containing solution-stimulated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. IR-mediated Akt activation also enhanced Cavin-2 and IR expression. Cavin-2 knockout mice showed insulin resistance with dyslipidemia and pathological hypertrophic adipocytes after a HFD.

Conclusions

Cavin-2 enhances IR stability through binding IR and regulates insulin signaling, promoting adequate adipocyte differentiation. Our findings highlight the pivotal role of Cavin-2 in adipogenesis and lipid metabolism, which may help to develop novel therapies for pathological obesity and adipogenic disorders.

 

Requirement of Cavin-2 for the expression and stability of IRβ in adequate adipocyte differentiation

Yusuke Higuchi, Takehiro Ogata, Naohiko Nakanishi, Masahiro Nishi, ... Satoaki Matoba

Objective

Adipogenesis plays an essential role in maintaining energy and hormonal balance. Cavin-2, one of the caveolae-related proteins, is abundant in adipocytes, the leading site of adipogenesis. However, the details of the roles of Cavin-2 in adipogenesis remain unknown. Here, we demonstrate the requirement of Cavin-2 for the expression and stability of IRβ in adequate adipocyte differentiation.

Methods

Cavin-2 knockout (Cavin-2 KO) and wild-type (WT) mice were fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks. We evaluated body weight, food intake, and several tissues. Glucose homeostasis was assessed by glucose and insulin tolerance tests. Insulin signaling in epididymal white adipose tissue (eWAT) was determined by Akt phosphorylation. In vitro study, we evaluated adipocyte differentiation, adipogenesis-related genes, and insulin signaling to clarify the relationship between Cavin-2 and adipogenesis under the manipulation of Cavin-2 expression.

Results

Caveolae structure decreased in eWAT of Cavin-2 KO mice and Cavin-2 knockdown 3T3-L1 cells. Cavin-2 enhanced the stability of insulin receptor (IR) through direct association at the plasma membrane in adipocytes, resulting in accelerated insulin/IR/Akt signaling-induced adipogenic gene expression in insulin-containing solution-stimulated 3T3-L1 adipocytes. IR-mediated Akt activation also enhanced Cavin-2 and IR expression. Cavin-2 knockout mice showed insulin resistance with dyslipidemia and pathological hypertrophic adipocytes after a HFD.

Conclusions

Cavin-2 enhances IR stability through binding IR and regulates insulin signaling, promoting adequate adipocyte differentiation. Our findings highlight the pivotal role of Cavin-2 in adipogenesis and lipid metabolism, which may help to develop novel therapies for pathological obesity and adipogenic disorders.

 

2021 impact factor: 8.568

The 60 Second Metabolist

In this section authors briefly report on their work recently published in Molecular Metabolism.

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