Cover Story Current Issue

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses a set of pathologies associated with ectopic lipid accumulationin hepatocytes. NAFLD can progress to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), an inflammatory condition which is increasing in prevalence in parallel with other diseases connected to lipid metabolism, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. NASH is characterized by hepatic necrosis, increased inflammatory signaling, immune cell infiltration, and the potential to progress to fibrosis, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and ultimately liver failure.

David Montefusco, Maryam Jamil, Melissa A. Maczis, William Schroeder, ... L. Ashley Cowart

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Current Issue

Proteomic quantitative study of dorsal root ganglia and sciatic nerve in type 2 diabetic mice

Marc Leal-Julià, Jorge J. Vilches, Andrea Onieva, Sergi Verdés, ... Assumpció Bosch

Objective

Peripheral neuropathy is the most common and debilitating complication of type 2 diabetes, leading to sensory loss, dysautonomia, hyperalgesia, and spontaneous noxious sensations. Despite the clinical and economic burden of diabetic neuropathy, no effective treatment is available. More preclinical research must be conducted in order to gain further understanding of the aetiology of the disease and elucidate new therapeutic targets.

Methods

The proteome of lumbar dorsal root ganglia and sciatic nerve of BKS-db/db mice, which contain a mutation of the leptin receptor and are an established type 2 diabetes model, was characterized for the first time by tandem mass tag labelling and mass spectrometry analysis.

Results

Proteomic analysis showed differentially expressed proteins grouped into functional clusters in db/db peripheral nerves compared to control mice, underlining reduced glycolytic and TCA cycle metabolism, higher lipid catabolism, upregulation of muscle-like proteins in DRG and downregulation in SCN, increased cytoskeleton-related proteins, a mild dysregulation of folding chaperones, activation of acute-phase and inflammatory response, and alterations in glutathione metabolism and oxidative stress related proteins.

Conclusions

Our data validate previous transcriptomic and metabolomic results and uncover new pathways altered in diabetic neuropathy. Our results point out that energetic deficiency could represent the main mechanism of neurodegeneration observed in diabetic neuropathy. These findings may provide important information to select appropriate targets to develop new therapeutic strategies.

Proteomic quantitative study of dorsal root ganglia and sciatic nerve in type 2 diabetic mice

Marc Leal-Julià, Jorge J. Vilches, Andrea Onieva, Sergi Verdés, ... Assumpció Bosch

Objective

Peripheral neuropathy is the most common and debilitating complication of type 2 diabetes, leading to sensory loss, dysautonomia, hyperalgesia, and spontaneous noxious sensations. Despite the clinical and economic burden of diabetic neuropathy, no effective treatment is available. More preclinical research must be conducted in order to gain further understanding of the aetiology of the disease and elucidate new therapeutic targets.

Methods

The proteome of lumbar dorsal root ganglia and sciatic nerve of BKS-db/db mice, which contain a mutation of the leptin receptor and are an established type 2 diabetes model, was characterized for the first time by tandem mass tag labelling and mass spectrometry analysis.

Results

Proteomic analysis showed differentially expressed proteins grouped into functional clusters in db/db peripheral nerves compared to control mice, underlining reduced glycolytic and TCA cycle metabolism, higher lipid catabolism, upregulation of muscle-like proteins in DRG and downregulation in SCN, increased cytoskeleton-related proteins, a mild dysregulation of folding chaperones, activation of acute-phase and inflammatory response, and alterations in glutathione metabolism and oxidative stress related proteins.

Conclusions

Our data validate previous transcriptomic and metabolomic results and uncover new pathways altered in diabetic neuropathy. Our results point out that energetic deficiency could represent the main mechanism of neurodegeneration observed in diabetic neuropathy. These findings may provide important information to select appropriate targets to develop new therapeutic strategies.

2021 impact factor: 8.568

The 60 Second Metabolist

In this section authors briefly report on their work recently published in Molecular Metabolism.

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