Cover Story Current Issue

The prevalence of obesity and type II diabetes is growing globally at rates indicating that environment rather than genes is the principal driver. Exposures to high-fat diet and toxicants, as well as micronutrient deficiency, can impact our health and that of future generations. Only now are we beginning to identify mechanisms linking these exposures to parental and offspring health. One connection between environment and health is the epigenome. The epigenome refers to the biochemical content associated with DNA that impacts gene expression and chromatin organization. Uncovering how genomic information is organized and regulated through epigenetic processes to control gene expression and cell functions in the next generation is still in a nascent stage. 

Anne-Sophie Pepin, Christine Lafleur, Romain Lambrot, Vanessa Dumeaux, Sarah Kimmins

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Current Issue

Obesity induces resistance to central action of BMP8B through a mechanism involving the BBSome

Eva Rial-Pensado, Oscar Freire-Agulleiro, Marcos Ríos, Deng Fu Guo, ... Miguel López

Objective

Bone morphogenetic protein 8B (BMP8B) plays a major role in the regulation of energy homeostasis by modulating brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis and white adipose tissue (WAT) browning. Here, we investigated whether BMP8B's role in metabolism is affected by obesity and the possible molecular mechanisms underlying that action.

Methods

Central treatments with BMP8B were performed in rats fed a standard (SD) and high-fat diet (HFD), as well as in genetically modified mice. Energy balance studies, infrared thermographic analysis of BAT and molecular analysis of the hypothalamus, BAT and WAT were carried out.

Results

We show for the first time that HFD-induced obesity elicits resistance to the central actions of BMP8B on energy balance. This obesity-induced BMP8B resistance is explained by i) lack of effects on AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling, ii) decreased BMP receptors signaling and iii) reduced expression of Bardet-Biedl Syndrome 1 (BBS1) protein, a key component of the protein complex BBSome in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH). The possible mechanistic involvement of BBS1 in this process is demonstrated by lack of a central response to BMP8B in mice carrying a single missense disease-causing mutation in the Bbs1 gene.

Conclusions

Overall, our data uncover a new mechanism of central resistance to hormonal action that may be of relevance in the pathophysiology of obesity.

Obesity induces resistance to central action of BMP8B through a mechanism involving the BBSome

Eva Rial-Pensado, Oscar Freire-Agulleiro, Marcos Ríos, Deng Fu Guo, ... Miguel López

Objective

Bone morphogenetic protein 8B (BMP8B) plays a major role in the regulation of energy homeostasis by modulating brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis and white adipose tissue (WAT) browning. Here, we investigated whether BMP8B's role in metabolism is affected by obesity and the possible molecular mechanisms underlying that action.

Methods

Central treatments with BMP8B were performed in rats fed a standard (SD) and high-fat diet (HFD), as well as in genetically modified mice. Energy balance studies, infrared thermographic analysis of BAT and molecular analysis of the hypothalamus, BAT and WAT were carried out.

Results

We show for the first time that HFD-induced obesity elicits resistance to the central actions of BMP8B on energy balance. This obesity-induced BMP8B resistance is explained by i) lack of effects on AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling, ii) decreased BMP receptors signaling and iii) reduced expression of Bardet-Biedl Syndrome 1 (BBS1) protein, a key component of the protein complex BBSome in the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH). The possible mechanistic involvement of BBS1 in this process is demonstrated by lack of a central response to BMP8B in mice carrying a single missense disease-causing mutation in the Bbs1 gene.

Conclusions

Overall, our data uncover a new mechanism of central resistance to hormonal action that may be of relevance in the pathophysiology of obesity.

2021 impact factor: 7.422

The 60 Second Metabolist

In this section authors briefly report on their work recently published in Molecular Metabolism.

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