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Alterations in mitochondrial structure and function are commonly observed in adult-onset neurodegenerative diseases. In ALS, mitochondrial dysfunction impairs the efficiency of electron transport chain (ETC) activity and ATP production and leads to the accumulation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, abnormal handling of intracellular calcium and cytochrome C release and apoptosis. The extent to which these alterations in mitochondrial functionimpair cellular operations is unclear. Therapeutic intervention based on combating these mitochondrial abnormalities have displayed variable success in mouse models of ALS and humans, as reviewed in Vandoorne et al.

Sean-Patrick Riechers, Jelena Mojsilovic-Petrovic, Tayler B. Belton, Ram P. Chakrabarty, ... Robert G. Kalb

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Fibroblast growth factor 19 stimulates water intake

José Ursic-Bedoya, Carine Chavey, Guillaume Desandré, Lucy Meunier, ... Damien Gregoire

Fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) is a hormone with pleiotropic metabolic functions, leading to ongoing development of analogues for treatment of metabolic disorders. On the other hand, FGF19 is overexpressed in a sub-group of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients and has oncogenic properties. It is therefore crucial to precisely define FGF19 effects, notably in the context of chronic exposure to elevated concentrations of the hormone. Here, we used hydrodynamic gene transfer to generate a transgenic mouse model with long-term FGF19 hepatic overexpression. We describe a novel effect of FGF19, namely the stimulation of water intake. This phenotype, lasting at least over a 6-month period, depends on signaling in the central nervous system and is independent of FGF21, although it mimics some of its features. We further show that HCC patients with high levels of circulating FGF19 have a reduced natremia, indicating dipsogenic features. The present study provides evidence of a new activity of FGF19, which could be clinically relevant in the context of FGF19 overexpressing cancers and in the course of treatment of metabolic disorders by FGF19 analogues.

Fibroblast growth factor 19 stimulates water intake

José Ursic-Bedoya, Carine Chavey, Guillaume Desandré, Lucy Meunier, ... Damien Gregoire

Fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) is a hormone with pleiotropic metabolic functions, leading to ongoing development of analogues for treatment of metabolic disorders. On the other hand, FGF19 is overexpressed in a sub-group of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients and has oncogenic properties. It is therefore crucial to precisely define FGF19 effects, notably in the context of chronic exposure to elevated concentrations of the hormone. Here, we used hydrodynamic gene transfer to generate a transgenic mouse model with long-term FGF19 hepatic overexpression. We describe a novel effect of FGF19, namely the stimulation of water intake. This phenotype, lasting at least over a 6-month period, depends on signaling in the central nervous system and is independent of FGF21, although it mimics some of its features. We further show that HCC patients with high levels of circulating FGF19 have a reduced natremia, indicating dipsogenic features. The present study provides evidence of a new activity of FGF19, which could be clinically relevant in the context of FGF19 overexpressing cancers and in the course of treatment of metabolic disorders by FGF19 analogues.

2021 impact factor: 7.422

The 60 Second Metabolist

In this section authors briefly report on their work recently published in Molecular Metabolism.

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