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Cancer cachexia is a systemic metabolic dysfunction that affects more than 80% of pancreatic cancer patients and is the leading cause of death in 22%–30% of all cancers. Because the cancer spread beyond the pancreas at the time of diagnosis, only about 20% of patients are candidates for surgery. Pancreatic cancer's aggressiveness destabilizes whole-body homeostasis by dismantling the normal network of organs crosstalk. This miss-communication favors the tumor progression during cancer cachexia, which is characterized by devastating body weight lossmuscle atrophy, fat wasting, decreased appetite. The molecular mechanisms underlying these metabolic cues are still being investigated.

Mengistu Lemecha, Jaya Prakash Chalise, Yuki Takamuku, Guoxiang Zhang, ... Keiichi Itakura

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Current Issue

Selective adipocyte loss of Angiopoietin-2 prompts female-specific obesity and metabolic syndrome

Bin Ni, Shanshan Chen, Kathleen A. Ryan, Michael L. Maitland, ... Francesco S. Celi

Thermogenic fat differentiation and function can be promoted through multiple pathways, resulting in a common cell phenotype characterized by the expression of Uncoupling Protein-1 and the ability to dissipate energy, but local and systemic stimuli are necessary to promote adequate thermogenic fat vascularization, which is a precondition for the transport of substrate and the dissipation of heat. Angiopoietin-2 is an important driver of vascularization, and its transcription is in part promoted by estrogen signaling. In this study we demonstrate that adipose tissue-specific knock out of Angiopoietin-2 causes a female-specific reduced thermogenic fat differentiation and function, resulting in obesity and impaired glucose tolerance with end-organ features consistent with metabolic syndrome. In humans, angiopoietin-2 levels are higher in females than in males, and are inversely correlated with adiposity and age more strongly in pre-menopause when compared to post-menopause. Collectively, these data indicate a novel and important role for estrogen-mediated Angiopoietin-2 adipose tissue production in the protection against calorie overload in females, and potentially in the development of postmenopausal weight gain.

Selective adipocyte loss of Angiopoietin-2 prompts female-specific obesity and metabolic syndrome

Bin Ni, Shanshan Chen, Kathleen A. Ryan, Michael L. Maitland, ... Francesco S. Celi

Thermogenic fat differentiation and function can be promoted through multiple pathways, resulting in a common cell phenotype characterized by the expression of Uncoupling Protein-1 and the ability to dissipate energy, but local and systemic stimuli are necessary to promote adequate thermogenic fat vascularization, which is a precondition for the transport of substrate and the dissipation of heat. Angiopoietin-2 is an important driver of vascularization, and its transcription is in part promoted by estrogen signaling. In this study we demonstrate that adipose tissue-specific knock out of Angiopoietin-2 causes a female-specific reduced thermogenic fat differentiation and function, resulting in obesity and impaired glucose tolerance with end-organ features consistent with metabolic syndrome. In humans, angiopoietin-2 levels are higher in females than in males, and are inversely correlated with adiposity and age more strongly in pre-menopause when compared to post-menopause. Collectively, these data indicate a novel and important role for estrogen-mediated Angiopoietin-2 adipose tissue production in the protection against calorie overload in females, and potentially in the development of postmenopausal weight gain.

2021 impact factor: 8.568

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