Cover Story Current Issue

Emerging evidence from both human and animal studies underscores a significant association between obesity and cognitive decline, including brain atrophy, diminished white matter volume, compromised blood–brain barrier integrity, and heightened susceptibility to late-onset Alzheimer's disease. Furthermore, chronic disruptions in glucose homeostasis, impaired insulin signaling, and metabolic dysfunctions are closely linked to cognitive impairments and the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. These observations suggest the importance of maintaining normal body weight and proper fuel metabolism, which is crucial to reducing the risk of developing cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases.

Full text

 

Current Issue

Maternal hyperglycemia induces alterations in hepatic amino acid, glucose and lipid metabolism of neonatal offspring: Multi-omics insights from a diabetic pig model

Bachuki Shashikadze, Libera Valla, Salvo Danilo Lombardo, Cornelia Prehn, ... Thomas Fröhlich

Maternal hyperglycemia induces alterations in hepatic amino acid, glucose and lipid metabolism of neonatal offspring: Multi-omics insights from a diabetic pig model

Objective

To gain mechanistic insights into adverse effects of maternal hyperglycemia on the liver of neonates, we performed a multi-omics analysis of liver tissue from piglets developed in genetically diabetic (mutant INS gene induced diabetes of youth; MIDY) or wild-type (WT) pigs.

Methods

Proteomemetabolome and lipidome profiles of liver and clinical parameters of serum samples from 3-day-old WT piglets (n = 9) born to MIDY mothers (PHG) were compared with those of WT piglets (n = 10) born to normoglycemic mothers (PNG). Furthermore, protein–protein interaction network analysis was used to reveal highly interacting proteins that participate in the same molecular mechanisms and to relate these mechanisms with human pathology.

Results

Hepatocytes of PHG displayed pronounced lipid droplet accumulation, although the abundances of central lipogenic enzymes such as fatty acid-synthase (FASN) were decreased. Additionally, circulating triglyceride (TG) levels were reduced as a trend. Serum levels of non-esterified free fatty acids (NEFA) were elevated in PHG, potentially stimulating hepatic gluconeogenesis. This is supported by elevated hepatic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PCK1) and circulating alanine transaminase (ALT) levels. Even though targeted metabolomics showed strongly elevated phosphatidylcholine (PC) levels, the abundances of multiple key enzymes involved in major PC synthesis pathways – most prominently those from the Kennedy pathway – were paradoxically reduced in PHG liver. Conversely, enzymes involved in PC excretion and breakdown such as PC-specific translocase ATP-binding cassette 4 (ABCB4) and phospholipase A2 were increased in abundance.

Conclusions

Our study indicates that maternal hyperglycemia without confounding obesity induces profound molecular changes in the liver of neonatal offspring. In particular, we found evidence for stimulated gluconeogenesis and hepatic lipid accumulation independent of de novo lipogenesis. Reduced levels of PC biosynthesis enzymes and increased levels of proteins involved in PC translocation or breakdown may represent counter-regulatory mechanisms to maternally elevated PC levels. Our comprehensive multi-omics dataset provides a valuable resource for future meta-analysis studies focusing on liver metabolism in newborns from diabetic mothers.

Articles in Press

Maternal hyperglycemia induces alterations in hepatic amino acid, glucose and lipid metabolism of neonatal offspring: Multi-omics insights from a diabetic pig model

Bachuki Shashikadze, Libera Valla, Salvo Danilo Lombardo, Cornelia Prehn, ... Thomas Fröhlich

Maternal hyperglycemia induces alterations in hepatic amino acid, glucose and lipid metabolism of neonatal offspring: Multi-omics insights from a diabetic pig model

Objective

To gain mechanistic insights into adverse effects of maternal hyperglycemia on the liver of neonates, we performed a multi-omics analysis of liver tissue from piglets developed in genetically diabetic (mutant INS gene induced diabetes of youth; MIDY) or wild-type (WT) pigs.

Methods

Proteomemetabolome and lipidome profiles of liver and clinical parameters of serum samples from 3-day-old WT piglets (n = 9) born to MIDY mothers (PHG) were compared with those of WT piglets (n = 10) born to normoglycemic mothers (PNG). Furthermore, protein–protein interaction network analysis was used to reveal highly interacting proteins that participate in the same molecular mechanisms and to relate these mechanisms with human pathology.

Results

Hepatocytes of PHG displayed pronounced lipid droplet accumulation, although the abundances of central lipogenic enzymes such as fatty acid-synthase (FASN) were decreased. Additionally, circulating triglyceride (TG) levels were reduced as a trend. Serum levels of non-esterified free fatty acids (NEFA) were elevated in PHG, potentially stimulating hepatic gluconeogenesis. This is supported by elevated hepatic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PCK1) and circulating alanine transaminase (ALT) levels. Even though targeted metabolomics showed strongly elevated phosphatidylcholine (PC) levels, the abundances of multiple key enzymes involved in major PC synthesis pathways – most prominently those from the Kennedy pathway – were paradoxically reduced in PHG liver. Conversely, enzymes involved in PC excretion and breakdown such as PC-specific translocase ATP-binding cassette 4 (ABCB4) and phospholipase A2 were increased in abundance.

Conclusions

Our study indicates that maternal hyperglycemia without confounding obesity induces profound molecular changes in the liver of neonatal offspring. In particular, we found evidence for stimulated gluconeogenesis and hepatic lipid accumulation independent of de novo lipogenesis. Reduced levels of PC biosynthesis enzymes and increased levels of proteins involved in PC translocation or breakdown may represent counter-regulatory mechanisms to maternally elevated PC levels. Our comprehensive multi-omics dataset provides a valuable resource for future meta-analysis studies focusing on liver metabolism in newborns from diabetic mothers.

2021 impact factor: 8.568

You are what you eat

Here is a video of Vimeo. When the iframes is activated, a connection to Vimeo is established and, if necessary, cookies from Vimeo are also used. For further information on cookies policy click here.

Auf Werbeinhalte, die vor, während oder nach Videos von WEBSITE-URL eingeblendet werden, hat WEBSITE-URL keinen Einfluss. Wir übernehmen keine Gewähr für diese Inhalte. Weitere Informationen finden Sie hier.